Urban’s Colour Reference Charts, Japan

by Martin Waligorski & Urban Fredriksson

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Japanese Army and Navy Aircraft Colours

World War II period.

A letter prefix in front of the Colour name means:

  • A – Army aircraft
  • N – Navy aircraft

A number following the letter is believed to be an arbitrary classification system originated by D.Thorpe. Helpful info about some more intricate colours was extracted from Camouflage and Markings of Nakajima Oscar by Mark Wlodarczyk, previously published at this site.

This chart has been last revised in September 2006

Imperial Japanese Army aircraft
Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
A.1 Dark Green Upper camouflage, together with A.2 FS:34094 (34092) Hu:149
A.2 Olive Green Upper camouflage overall colour, or together with A.1 FS:34088 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:159 T:XF-13/51? X:X351 P:PCJ91 GS:H60
A.5 Light Grey Green Upper & lower surfaces FS:35414 5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:115 + 3*Hu:65 T:XF-14 X:X352 P:PCJ90? GS:H62
A.6 Dark Grey Upper surfaces FS:36152 4*Hu:156 + 3*Hu:106 + 1*Hu:112 + 1*Hu:34
A.7 Medium Grey Upper surfaces FS:36293 7*Hu:28 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34
A.9 Light Grey Upper surfaces FS:37722 16*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:72 + 1*Hu:28
A.11 Dark Brown Upper surfaces FS:30059 (34049) 8*Hu:107 + 1*Hu:33
A.12 Medium Brown Upper surfaces, spinners FS:30109 (30111) 6*Hu:178 + 4*Hu:70 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:107
A.14 Light Earth Upper surfaces FS:30400 3*Hu:63 + 3*Hu:118 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:121
A.15 Ivory Yellow Upper surfaces FS:30371 Hu:93
A.22 Deep Blue Upper surfaces FS:35050 Hu:190
Army Silver Hu:11 T:XF-16
Light Green Used togehter with A.1 and A.2 in three-tone schemes FS:34172
Light Green-Grey Factory undersurface finish of Ki-43 Mod. III onwards FS:36357
Dark Brown-Green One of factory Top surface finishes of Ki-43 Mod. III onwards FS:30118
Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft
Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
N.1 Black Green Upper surfaces FS:34092 Hu:149
N.2 Dark Green Upper surfaces FS:34077 5*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:3 T:XF-11 X:X353 P:PCJ92 GS:H59 (N1?)
N.3 Dark Grey Green Upper surfaces FS:34095 2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:117
N.4 Light Grey Green Interior colour FS:34226 6*Hu:78 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:72
N.5 Bamboo Cockpit interiors FS:34098 12*Hu:150 + 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:154
N.8 Dark Grey Used as upper- and overall colour FS:36081 Hu:32
N.9 Medium Grey Used as upper- and overall colo FS:36251 8*Hu:64 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:106
N.10 Light Grey Used as upper- and overall colo FS:36492 8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:28 T:XF-12 X:X354 P:PCJ90? GS:H61
N.17 Brown Upper surfaces FS:30145 4*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:62 (Hu:110) T:XF-10 GS:H37
N.18 Red Orange Trainer aircraft overall colour FS:31400 8*Hu:178 + 1*Hu:60 T:X-13 X:X355 GS:H63
Mauve Doubtful whether actually existed 6*Hu:34 + 4*Hu:25 + 2*Hu:153 + 2*Hu:64 P:PCJ89 Violet
Miscellaneous colours
Colour name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Model Master
Aodake Iro (Interior metallic blue) Interior colour. Actually a transparent blue-green lacquer on natural metal background 1*Hu:52 + 1*Hu:50 T:X-13 X:X355 GS:H63
Cockpit Green-Olive FS:34255
Cockpit Grey-Green FS:34226
Cockpit Khaki-Brown FS:33448
Hinomaru Red Initially bright red, faded in time to rusty-pinkish brown (FS:31328) FS:31086
Identification yellow Used from 1943 for quick-recognition bands on leading edges of fighter a/c FS:33538
Light Green-Grey fabric primer FS:36314
Army/Navy Lt. Olive (greyish) (A./N.21?) T:XF-22? P:PCJ94

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